March 20th

World Sparrow Day -

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Every year on March 20, people around the world come together to observe World Sparrow Day. This day is devoted to increasing awareness about the dwindling population of sparrows across the globe. The main objective is to shed light on the challenges these small birds are facing in their natural environments due to the unstoppable march of urbanization and technology.

World Sparrow Day further highlights the crucial role that sparrows carry out in our ecosystem, promoting collective importance to safeguard and conserve these seemingly insignificant birds.

History of World Sparrow Day

World Sparrow Day is an international event coordinated in a united effort by Nature Forever Society based in India and the Eco-Sys Action Foundation from France. This day was designated to celebrate the unique significance of house sparrows, birds who have been integral to numerous cultures worldwide.

The inaugural observance of World Sparrow Day took place on March 20th, 2010, underscoring the necessity to conserve house sparrows and similar urban avians. Activities were organized across the globe in order to attract attention to the steadily diminishing populations of house sparrows and rally for their protection.

This global event sprang from the concerning drop in house sparrow populations in several countries, especially in urban environments. Loss of natural habitat, reduction in food supply due to a lesser number of insects, and the pervasive use of harmful pesticides were among the prime causes of this decline. Hence, World Sparrow Day was established to highlight this pressing issue and encourage conservation measures for these birds.

World Sparrow Day isn’t solely about the sparrows themselves; it also shines a spotlight on urban biodiversity. It serves as a platform that brings together citizens, government bodies, NGOs, scientists, and the media to collaborate towards conservation. Each year, the day revolves around a specific theme relating to sparrows and their conservation.

World Sparrow Day Timeline

First Coexistence with Humans

Humans begin cultivating seeds leading to an increased number of sparrows.

Egyptian Depictions of Sparrows

Ancient Egyptians depicted sparrows in hieroglyphics, showing the birds' ubiquity during that time.

Sparrows in America

English sparrows are introduced to America to help control insect pests. They later become one of the most common birds in North America.

Decline in Sparrow Populations

Rapid urbanization and pollution lead to a sharp decline in sparrow populations, especially in cities.

World Sparrow Day

The first 'World Sparrow Day' is held, emphasizing the importance of sparrows in the ecosystem and raising awareness of their declining numbers.

Ideas to Celebrate World Sparrow Day

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Organize a Sparrow-friendly Garden Party

Invite family, friends, and neighbors over for a special outdoor gathering. Decorate the space with bird-themed decorations, organize bird watching activities where you could create awareness about sparrows, offer food and drinks inspired by sparrow diet. Explain the importance of creating a garden friendly for sparrows and birds in general.

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Distribute Sparrowhouses

Creating small birdhouses for sparrows and distributing them in the community. This activity encourages citizens to take action in conserving the sparrow population by providing nests for these birds in the urban environment.

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Sparrow Documentary Screening

Arrange a screening of documentaries and short films that highlight the plight of sparrows or, in general, the global ecological problems. This can be followed by a discussion or a forum to brainstorm on local measures that can be taken to safeguard the sparrow population.

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Tree Plantation Drive

Organize a local tree-plantation drive, as sparrows need trees for their survival. This not only helps sparrows but also improves the overall environment.

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Educational Workshop in Schools

Work with local schools to organize educational interactive workshops about the sparrow. Kids can engage in fun activities such as bird-watching, building small birdhouses, or creating sparrow-related artwork. The aim is to educate the younger generation about the conservation of sparrows.

8 Interesting Facts About Sparrows


Worldwide Presence

Sparrows are found on every continent except Antarctica, making them one of the most widespread birds globally.


Species Variety

There are more than 130 species of sparrows. The International Ornithological Committee (IOC) recognizes 138 species


Sparrow Song

Both male and female sparrows can sing, although the males’ songs are slightly more complex.


Consumption of Insects

Sparrows can consume up to 850 insects in a day, playing a crucial role in maintaining ecological balance.


Familiar Bird

The house sparrow is one of the most known and recognized birds in the world, often living in close proximity to humans.


Sparrows and Agriculture

Historically, sparrows were considered a pest in agriculture due to their diet of grains and crops, leading to multiple campaigns of sparrows extermination.


Body Temperatures

Sparrows have a higher body temperature than humans, generally around 4 to 8 degrees higher than that of humans.


Social Creatures

Sparrows are highly social birds and are often seen in large flocks.

World Sparrow Day FAQs

Next World Sparrow Day Dates

Year Date Day
2023 March 20th Monday
2024 March 20th Wednesday
2025 March 20th Thursday
2026 March 20th Friday
2027 March 20th Saturday
What is the pattern? Every March 20th

World Sparrow Day Word Search

  • Sparrow
  • Bird
  • Conservation
  • Habitat
  • Species
  • Ecosystem